Motivation Theory

Level: Undergraduate | Grade: 2:1 | Approx. Word Count: 2,007


The purpose of this essay is to examine and evaluate some of the most important of these theories, Based on this examination, recommendations will be made as to which of these theories, or part thereof, might prove beneficial for implementation as an integral part of HR policies and practices in modern day commercial corporations.

The origins of motivational research can be traced back to the early 1900s (Stone 2005). At that time, the focus of theoretical research was based on the corporate objectives of improving productivity with the minimum use of resources. This led to the development of a scientific approach to HR management. However, as society and workplace values have changed, the theoretical concept of motivation has been transformed to an approach that is focused more specifically on addressing the needs of the employee. Nonetheless, despite this change, the focus has still remained on increasing the effectiveness and commitment of the workforce, and thereby the performance and profitability of the firm (Buchanan and Huczynski 2007).