The purpose of this essay is to examine and evaluate some of the most important of these theories, Based on this examination, recommendations will be made as to which of these theories, or part thereof, might prove beneficial for implementation as an integral part of HR policies and practices in modern day commercial corporations.
The origins of motivational research can be traced back to
the early 1900s (Stone 2005). At that time, the focus of
theoretical research was based on the corporate objectives
of improving productivity with the minimum use of resources.
This led to the development of a scientific approach to HR
management. However, as society and workplace values have
changed, the theoretical concept of motivation has been
transformed to an approach that is focused more specifically
on addressing the needs of the employee. Nonetheless,
despite this change, the focus has still remained on
increasing the effectiveness and commitment of the
workforce, and thereby the performance and profitability of
the firm (Buchanan and Huczynski 2007).